Before being colonized, Monteverde was inhabited by Corobici Indians. About 60 years ago nine Quaker families from the U.S founded the original community of Monteverde, as they sought a peaceful and natural place to live in. The tourism zone of Monteverde is world renowned for its efforts in the conservation and because of a lifestyle centered in the respect of the nature Santa Elena is the main town and hub to a variety of services. The Cerro Plano community (where the Hotel El Viandante is located) hosts a great number of hotels, restaurants, art galleries, tours amongst other attractions. For those who love nature and wish to enjoy the best mountain hotels in our country and a variety of quality services, Monteverde Cloud Forest is the place per excellence.
This private reserve might be the most famous parch of forest in Costya Rica. It covers some 26,000 acres of primare forest, mostly mid-elevation cloud forest with a rich variety of flora and fauna. Epiphytes thrive in the cool, misty climate. The mosf famous resident is the spectacular resplendent quetzal. There is a well-maintaned trail system, as you can visit both the Santa Elena and Sedero Tranquilo reserves. Location 167km northweast from San Jose.
The Village of Monteverde was founded in 1951 by Quakaers from the United States who wanted to leave behind a constant fear of war as well as an obligation to support continued militarism through paying US taxes. They chose Costa Rica primarily because it had no standing army. Although Monteverde´s founders came here to farm the land,they wisely recognized the need to preserve the rare cloud forest that covered the mountain slopes above fields , and to that end that they dedicated the largest adjacent tract of cloud forest as the Monteverde Biological Reserve.
The mountaintops of Costa Rica are blanketed almost daily in dense clouds, abd as the clouds cling to the slopes, moisture clondeses on forest trees. This constant level of moisture has given rise to an incredible diversity of innovative forms and a forest in which brealy every square inch of space has somo sort of plant growing . Within the cloud forest, the branches of huge trees are draped with epiphytic plants: orchids, ferns, and bromelias. This intense botanic competition has created an almost equally diverse population of insects, birds, and other wildlife. Monteverde Biological Reserve Cloud Forest Reserve covers 10,400 hectares of forest, including several different life zones charterized by different types of plants and animals.